Bone Morphogenetic Proteins
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are proteins naturally produced in the body that promote and regulate bone formation and healing. Bone morphogenic protein-2 is an isolated protein that induces specific cells in our body to form new cartilage and bone. During surgery, the BMP is soaked onto and binds with a collagen sponge. The sponge is then designed to resorb, or disappear, over time. As the sponge dissolves, the bone morphogenic protein stimulates the cells to produce new bone. The BMP also disappears once it has completed its task of “jump-starting” the normal bone healing process.
Since there is no need to harvest bone from a second donor site, patients are spared donor site pain. Complications from the graft harvest site are also eliminated.
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